Senior Engineer -> Team Lead

by phildini on January 1, 2019

In November, I was promoted from Senior Software Engineer to Team Lead. As of right now, I lead the Platform team at Patreon, and have three software engineers who report to me. I want to talk about how I realized this was something I wanted, how I made this happen for me, and why I’m excited about it. 

First, how did I think this was something I wanted? It’s helpful to know that I am mercilessly driven by the idea of impact. At least once a week, and sometimes multiple times a day, I ask myself these questions: “Am I working on the highest-impact thing I could be working on? If not, why not?” Being impact-driven (which dovetails nicely with being outcomes-driven for devotees of that brand of organizational thinking) means that I’m always looking to increase my impact, and especially looking for tools that will give me more leverage.

For the kind of impact I want to have, the impact to shape customers’ experiences and shape the paths of teams and shape the careers of individuals, the tools available to managers and team leaders are more impactful than the tools available to engineers. Now, I expect some disagreement to that statement, and I welcome discussion in the comments. For the goals I care about, the tools of a manager are higher impact than the tools of an engineer.

How did I make this happen for me? I saw an opportunity, and I pushed for it. That sentence masks a truly monumental amount of privilege, and luck, institutional biases that I think about a lot. Would a non-white, non-dude have been as successful in their push? What institutional biases might have kept those around me from pushing? So, there’s a lot hidden that I would love to go into in another post when I say: “I saw an opportunity, and I pushed for it.”

What opportunity? Well, Patreon is constantly working on becoming a more lean, more agile shop. As a result, in the Summer of this year an Engineering Director was leading the Platform team, at a critical time in the Platform team’s history. We were in the middle of trying to launch the Reddit integration, our Product Manager was on his way out to work full-time on being an author, and we had just hired a new grad engineer. I saw that there was an opportunity for a strong leader to step forward, so I did. What followed was a month and a half of me talking to peers, managers, directors, VPs, and HR folk, to see how feasible this was. I ended up writing my own job description for role that I now occupy, and then vetting that job description in another round with the people I listed above. I began pushing in late September, and in early November my transition to Team Lead become official.

As an aside, why “Team Lead” and not “Engineering Manager”? For one, I’m still doing some engineering work, on the order of 40% of my time. This doesn’t mean “I’m coding 40% of my time” but it does mean I’m doing “Senior Engineer” things with 40% of my time, and “Team Lead” things with the other 60%. I’m also Team Lead for the team I was a Senior Software Engineer on, the Platform team at Patreon, and as a result my number of direct reports is fairly small compared to other Engineering Managers at Patreon.

This is probably obvious since I said above that I wrote the job description, but I am the first and so far only Team Lead at Patreon. There are others who I think would be great at the role, and this is one of the reasons I’m excited about it: Team Lead hopefully gives engineers a chance to explore management without “closing the door” on returning to engineering.

Why am I so excited? At the root is how much I am excited about Patreon, and especially my team at Patreon, and what I think the Platform team is capable of. I’d also be lying by omission if I didn’t mention a few other things: I’m excited by the challenges that management presents, and how different they are from engineering. I’m excited to learn about a whole new discipline of work that has so much impact on engineering, but is not strictly engineering. I’m excited to gain a new lens through which to see the world.

I also really hope I don’t fuck it up. I want to do right by myself, my reports, and the company, in roughly that order. If I’m not doing right by me, I can’t be an effective leader or example. If I’m not doing right by my reports, then my team as a whole suffers, and my measured output as a manager crumbles. If my team is unhappy or unproductive, then the company will as a whole will suffer. The challenge of having to manage the stack of responsibilities, of having to coordinate conflicting demands, of figuring out how to build a team while meeting the needs of each person on the team is a challenge that I’m exceptionally excited about.

Want to know more? Want to challenge me on my thinking or ask questions about how I got here? Leave a comment below or ping me on mastodon at @[email protected].

Point's Problems a Product of the Presidency?

by phildini on May 5, 2017

This originally appeared as a Letter to the Editor for the Alameda Sun on May 4th, 2017.

The recent article regarding the slowdown with the Alameda Point Site A project (“Point’s Developer Reaches Impasse,” April 27) does an excellent job of explaining the current state of affairs between Alameda Point Partners and the City of Alameda, but doesn’t go into a possible cause for lack of subcontractor bids and increased construction costs: uncertainty around our economic future and the effects of the current national administration.

We have already witnessed adverse effects with other projects in Alameda. As the national tax structure becomes less certain, as our economic future seems to change day-to-day, organizations across the board are becoming spooked and less willing to spend on economic growth.

The fact remains that Alameda is seeing its largest homeless population in years, that the number of empty storefronts on Park and Webster streets keeps growing, and that the there is no guarantee the national climate changes for our benefit over the next four years. I hope the City Council keeps in mind how desperately we need the housing and economic growth this project will bring when they make their decision in July.

Jonah Henderson is One Dynamite Guy

by phildini on March 16, 2016

I think last night's Alameda City Council meeting might be my fault. Before the meeting, as I was sitting in the Council Chambers, I looked at the agenda, and tweeted:

With a total of 3 regular agenda items on tonight's #alamtg agenda, I'm hoping for an efficient meeting.

— Philip John James (@philipjohnjames) March 16, 2016

This obvsiously jinxed the whole enterprise, and I apologize to all those involved.

The meeting started out with incredible promise. Some items were pulled out of the consent calendar, like changing the city's investment strategy, and the Alameda Landing Transportation Demand Management Program. These items had some discussion, most notably Councilmember Daysog being strongly for the Alameda Landing TDM (which endears him to me), and continuing to be against the project at 2100 Clement.

The first regular item, the confirmation of members to the various city commissions and boards, also passed unanimously, without comment. Given that members were being confirmed to the Housing Authority Board of Commissioners and the Rent Review Advisory Committee, I was somewhat shocked there was no discussion from the various renters groups in Alameda. There has been months of work and comment about rent control, but no apparent interest in the people who sit on the committees overlooking housing and rent.

Then we come to the big enchilada, the two hour discussion that was both comedy and tragedy in equal measure: the Building 8 project at Alameda Point. There are some important things to know:

  1. Jonah Henderson, one of the chief developers on the project, is a stand-up guy. This was proved by comments from bankers, lawyers, tenants, Berkeley City Council Members, the Mayor of Berkeley, various artists, various historical committees, friends of Jonah's, and the teachers of Jonah's children. (He's apparently an amazing parent too.)*
  2. Mayor Trish Spencer is worried about housing. And parking. And whether we're getting enough money from the developer. And whether city staff did their due diligence. There were also multiple occasions where she indicated that the Planning Board was not public enough for the discussion at hand. (Having attended a Planning Board meeting last night, they seemed fairly public and well-managed to me.)

The discussion between councilmembers at times broke into actual barbs and interruptions, with threats from the Mayor of invoking the gavel. I have not been at enough meetings to know how serious the threat of the gavel is.

The meeting ended at 1059pm, with the last agenda item pushed to the beginning of next meeting.

Once again, my apologies for placing a jinx upon last night's city council meeting. Also, city staff: you're doing a great job. Keep it up. 

*The title of this post is tongue-in-cheek. Jonah Henderson seems like a really nice guy, the litany of his awesomeness was maybe a tad much.

Follow the Yellowbrick Pavement

by phildini on March 15, 2016

Over the past couple months, it has been at times painful to watch civic discourse in Alameda. I believe the City Council has arrived at a good starting point in most of its decisions, but the path taken has often been confusing to follow.

Last night's Planning Board meeting was gust of fresh air in comparison. Two major issues were discussed by the Board: street names for the 2100 Clement Street project, and Design Review Approval for block 11, block 8, and phase 1 of the waterfront park at Alameda Point Site A.

  • The Planning Board wants to put more consideration behind the street names for the 2100 Clement project. There's a worry about the current suggestions being pronounceable to the average Alamedan, as well as a worry about the appropriateness of the some of the alternates.
  • The review for the design of block 11, block 8, and the waterfront park at Alameda Point Site A revolved around:
    • Making sure windows are up to city code
    • Close inspection of the proposed exterior construction materials
    • The color of the street in the shared plaza. Earlier sketches showed a yellowish color, last night's designs had the road returning to a more street-ish gray. Based on the comments of President Knox White and others, there's going to be more thought put into this area, as many on the Board feel the street color helps dictate how the space would be used, and the apparent preference is for it to be pedestrian-focused.
    • Discussion on the name of the street currently called West Atlantic, which would potentially be an extension of Ralph Appezzato Memorial Parkway. There's a concern that Alamedans already shorten that streetname to RAMP and so the board should consider naming the street Appezzato Parkway or Appezzato Boulevard.

(To that last point: Ralph Appezzato was the first Alameda Mayor I knew personally, and during these months of turmoil in Alameda civic discourse I find myself missing his presence strongly. I am immensely glad the Planning Board is doing what it can to keep his name in the memory of Alamedans.)

The Planning Board voted to approve the proposed design for the pieces of Alameda Point Site A mentioned above, and I believe the vote was unanimous. In both discussions, President Knox White and the other board members asked informed questions, voiced solid points, and arrived at conclusions that balanced a push for future improvements to Alameda with a sense of keeping Alameda's history and character. 

It may seem like I am being extraordinarily complementary to the Planning Board, or that I'm being far too friendly with them. To that I would say: The Planning Board accomplished the business they came there to do, including time for public comments, and did so in less than 90 minutes.

It will be interesting to see how tonight's City Council meeting compares.

A Rising Tide Lifts All Transit

by phildini on March 11, 2016

One of the most common concerns I hear about Alameda growing as a city is the congestion at our bridges and tunnels, and the difficulty people have getting on and off the island. To me, it feels like we need a comprehensive plan that increases public transit access and thinks about access to and from Alameda in terms of the whole island and the whole region. Public transit is critical if Alamedans want to maintain the quality of life the island has to offer.

The speakers at Wednesday night's City of Alameda Democratic Club meeting agree that public transit is essential. Speakers from all the transit agencies that serve Alameda spoke in turn about what they're doing already to serve the area, and how they would like to improve.

  • BART has about 430000 riders every weekday, riding on an infrastructure that was built in the 70s, and in train cars that are about as old. They want to spend 9.6 billion in improvements, mostly in purchases of new train cars and infrastructure improvements.
  • BART has about half the money they're looking for, and will most likely be putting a parcel tax or a bond measure on the ballot in November for the other half.
  • AC Transit has about 179000 riders every weekday, mostly people going to work and schoolchildren. Schoolchildren alone make up 30k of their riders. AC Transit's main goal is to increase service by working closely with the City of Alameda; they're expanding lines that run through the city and collaborating on a city transit plan.
  • AC Transit hopes to improve its service and its fleet with the funds it already has, although they are also investigating a parcel tax.
  • The Water Emergency Transportation Authority (WETA, the agency in charge of the San Francisco Bay Ferries) sees Alameda as its greatest-service city, and wants to deepen its commitment to Alameda by building a maintenance facility and another terminal on the Southwest side of Alameda.
  • WETA knows that transit to the terminals, as well as parking at the terminals, is the greatest challenge their ridership faces; they're hoping for stronger collaboration with the other agencies and the city to make it easier to get to the existing Alameda ferry terminals.
  • The West Alameda Transportation Demand Management Association (TMA) is running a series of apparently ridiculously successful shuttles from the West End of Alameda to 12th St. BART in Oakland, and wants to see their service expand as well. 
  • TMA's main focus right now seems to be on education, getting Alamedans, Alameda businesses, and the employees of Alameda businesses thinking about public transit options and how we can all better utilize public transit.

It was an information-dense first half of a meeting, to say the least. The major takeaways for me were:

  • Public transportation is on the up in Alameda, and many want to see it increase.
  • The transit agencies see themselves in cooperation, not competition. They understand their inter-connectedness to each other, and seem to want each other to thrive.
  • They're all trying to buy American and bring jobs to Alameda.

As I am unabashedly in favor of more public transit, I'm thrilled to hear about the programs currently in place, and that those programs are trying to expand. I want Alameda to be more walkable, and bikable, and I want public transit to be a deeply viable option to owning a car in Alameda.

I said above that public transit is critical to the quality of life for current Alamedans, and it will be just as critical for future Alamedans. The second half of the meeting was dedicated to presentations from property developers, specifically the organizations behind the Del Monte project, the Encinal Terminals project, and the Alameda Point Site A project.

I'm not going to go too much into the projects here, mostly because I don't have hard numbers like I have with the transit agencies, and partially because growth in Alameda, and in the Bay Area, is a thorny subject. I think more growth is good for Alameda, and I think these projects have a shot at being a massive net positive to the city. Others feel differently.

What I can say is that both projects feel public transit is a critical need for their developments to succeed, and both are putting plans in place to improve transit in their development. The group in charge of Del Monte/Encinal Terminals seems a bit more on the ball in this regard, as they talked about having an organization like the TMA (potentially joined with the TMA) to continually improve transit in that part of the city, but both groups stressed how transit would be integral to what they're building.

I've talked so far about increasing public transit because it will ease congestion, and make Alameda an even better place to live. But there's another benefit of public transit that the Alameda Point Site A group drove home for me: Getting cars off the road.

The plan for Alameda Point Site A includes raising the level of some streets and buildings, and a terraced waterfront park area. Why? Because global warming has become enough of a reality that property developers are working "sea level rise strategies" into their plans. They're so certain the seas will rise from global warming that they're betting money on it. 

Every train car BART adds, every bus or shuttle added by AC Transit or TMA, every ferry added by WETA gets cars off the road and less CO2 in our atmosphere. In a world where major corporations are now banking on global warming happening, increased public transit in Alameda can't come soon enough.

Rentopia in Alameda

by phildini on March 4, 2016

The Alameda Renters Coalition has published the text of the amendment to the Alameda City Charter they're trying to add to the ballot for November. It's well worth a read, but here's the key points, as I see them:

  • Renters and Homeowners should have protection under the law
  • Alameda needs a Rental Housing Board to oversee administration of rental units in the city
  • Evictions should only be enacted for Just Cause
  • Rent should be pinned to the Consumer Price Index

The charter amendment, if enacted, will provide incredible renter protections in Alameda. I haven't read the text of the rent control measures for other California cities, but I'm willing to wager this proposal would put Alameda in the top three cities in terms of renter friendliness.

I'm biased here, but as a renter (and someone who both wants to see more people in Alameda and see the current residents protected), I'm in favor of shifting the landlord-tenant power balance a bit more in favor of the tenants. That said, there's definitely some parts in the measure that gives me pause.

The big one is capital improvements. As I read the amendment, there is no allowance for general capital improvements to a property. The amendment is very explicit about allowing relocation and rent increases for capital improvements to bring the property up to code, but what if a landlord wants to do general remodeling to make a property nicer, or more attractive? The amendment doesn't seem to allow for that. It feels like an oversight that could be taken advantage of, and which would decrease the overall appeal of the housing stock in Alameda.

Also, the Rental Housing Board, again as I read the amendment, seems to operate with absolutely no oversight. They're chosen by general election, operate completely autonomously from the rest of city government, and their budget is approved only by them. Ostensibly, this is so the Board can't be influenced by a city council that is being too partisan to landlords or tenants. However, the way the amendment is currently worded, the Rental Housing Board could decide to charge a $1000/unit Rental Housing Fee, and the only recourse would be a lawsuit or another election. There doesn't seem to be a lot of 'check' to this 'balance'.

Where does that leave us? I think the debate around this amendment, especially in light of the rent stabilization passed by the City Council on March 1st, is going to be intense, and I hope it raises the level of discourse about how to prepare Alameda for the next decade and the next century. I want strong renter protections, I want myself and other renters to feel secure in our homes. Housing is a home, first and foremost. This amendment provides for that idea, but seems focused on solving the problems of the present, without considering the problems of the future.

Things Learned at the City Council Meeting

by phildini on March 1, 2016

Here are some things, learned by myself and others, at the Alameda City Council meeting on March 1st.

  • The city council continues to treat its staff in a way I find weirdly antagonistic
  • Whenever a council member uses the phrase "Real World", what they mean is: "You researched presentation means nothing, city staffer. Alameda is different."
  • Appropriate means you make funds available for. Those funds can be taken back, especially if they aren't spent
  • The Mayor and City Council are maybe really underpaid?
  • Alameda cares about golf way more than I thought it did. Like, an hour and half more than I thought it did.
  • I don't understand Councilmember Daysog's long-term strategy for Alameda
  • Councilmembers Ashcraft and Oddie seem like people I would enjoy hanging out with

And, the big one

  • Alameda now has rent stabilization.

Housing in Alameda, Eyes on November

by phildini on February 28, 2016

Update 2016-03-04 The ARC has published the text of the amendment. Read my thoughts about that here.

The Alameda Renters Coalition is going to be filing an initiative with the City of Alameda tomorrow (2016-02-29). Text of press release follows.

Press Release
For Immediate Release                   Media Contact: Catherine Pauling 510.220.2030
Alameda Renters Coalition filing ballot initiative 2/29/16 at 4 p.m. at Alameda City Hall
ALAMEDA, CA - The Alameda Renters Coalition (ARC) will file the “Alameda Renter Protection and Community Stabilization Charter Amendment” initiative at Alameda City Hall Monday for inclusion on the November ballot in response to a crisis of mass evictions and average rent increases of more than fifty percent over a span of only four years.
ARC spokesperson Catherine Pauling says, "We are filing this initiative so the people of Alameda can do what its City Council has been unable to do: enact a firm set of laws to stabilize our community and protect renters from greedy investors."
City officials have deliberated over the rental crisis for three years, recently crafting an ordinance the coalition says falls far short of what's needed to protect tenants.
"ARC recognizes the City Council's efforts but their ordinance has too many concessions to real estate interests and will not keep Alameda renters in their homes" says Pauling.
Specifically, the coalition objects to there being no cap on rent increases, merely a review process triggered by a rent increase of more than 5 percent.  Additionally, the City ordinance subjects renters, once again, to the threat of no cause evictions when the current moratorium expires. ARC further objects to what it calls a "poison pill" in the ordinance allowing landlords to escape all eviction controls by simply issuing a "Fixed Term Lease".
"This filing begins the process of allowing voters of Alameda, over half of whom are renters, the opportunity to choose clear protections that renters and owners deserve instead of the cumbersome and un-tested process outlined in the City ordinance," says Pauling.
The Alameda Renters Coalition, formed in 2014, advocates for clear, rational rent stabilization tied to the Consumer Price Index, as is used by many other cities in the Bay Area in determining rental rate increases.
Prior to the 4 p.m. filing in the City Clerk's office, representatives of the Alameda Renters Coalition will be available on the steps of Alameda City Hall at 2263 Santa Clara Avenue to answer questions of the media and provide copies of the initiative.

I'll be linking to the actual press release if I can find it online.  I'm very interested to read the text of what they will be filing, and the timing is excellent. Tuesday will see the continuation of the City Council's January discussion about rent stabilization, and I think we all hope this one won't go to 4 am.

It's increasingly clear that housing and rent stabilization will be a critical issue in this upcoming election. As an Alamedan and renter, I am thrilled these issues are getting the attention they deserve.

An Interview, Interrupted

by phildini on October 25, 2015

This is a short story inspired by this post from Chuck Wendig, mashing up two other stories. Full reveal of the mashups at the bottom!

To say I was nervous would be an understatement. Months of research, of hunting down leads, of following urban legends and whispered truths had paid off with this night, this potentially life-changing night.

It started with a rumor, heard at parties and in whispers throughout the year, growing strongest around Halloween, a rumor of an shadow figure draped equal parts in violence and elegance. A question that would be asked if the right people were sufficiently drunk with the other right people.

“You know there’s a vampire in San Francisco, right?”

It sounds crazy in my own head when I think about it. How cliche, to think of that book and the history around it, and try to extend that world into the real world. What a perfect representation of this city, to think that’s there’s a creature of cultured carnage who drifts among us, civilized on the outside with a tortured heart of evil inside.

My name is Susan Harper, I’m a reporter for the San Francisco Chronicle. Well, I like to say I’m a reporter for the Chronicle. Really, I’ve had just a few bylines in print, and most of my writing has been for the collection of blogs that catalog the former hippies and capitalist yuppies that make up the City by the Bay.

I’m known for tracking down urban legends and weird stories, pieces of San Francisco folklore  that get passed in some new age oral tradition at parties and bars and in parlors. I hear about them, or they get sent to me, and I spend a few weeks to a few months tracking down the truth and the origin of these tales, then selling the story to whatever outlet will pay the most for it.

Emperor Norton’s Ghost, wandering around the Barbary Coast? That would be George, a lovely if eccentric man who works in theaters around the city and likes dressing up. The moans of dead gold miners, trapped under Nob Hill to haunt those who had gotten wealthy off their gold? A problem with the city’s natural water lines. That one required actually prying the manhole off a sewer entry, and almost getting arrested, but resulted in an official thank-you. Turns out the city didn’t know about the leak, and it almost disrupted the foundations under a city councilmember’s house. Oops.

My success record isn’t perfect, but I’ve been able to find an answer to most of the legends and weird occurrences that have persisted over the years. Except the damn vampire tale.

I kept hearing it, it felt like someone mentioned it at every party, and it rattled in my brain until I could think about nothing else. I started getting emails, tweets, forum posts asking me about it; I felt like the city itself was crying out in my dreams.

“You know there’s a vampire in San Francisco, right?”

The unspoken second question was always: “Is it really true?”

I reached a breaking point, put aside all the other stories I was working on, even got the Chronicle to put me on a small retainer to work on the story. Enough people were talking about it that I thought it would be two weeks, tops, until I had this story in the bag, and had leveraged the pageviews into a more solid gig with the paper. That was six months ago.

Days, weeks, then months went by and I had no proof, no shred of the origin of the legend. I began to doubt myself, doubt my sanity, doubt the sanity of the whole city, and became more and more certain that there was nothing there.

But the whispers! They never stopped! I expected an initial flood after people found out I was working the vampire story, but I wasn’t prepared for the constant typhoon. It seemed my investigation had opened a bottomless pit of shadows.

Normally, when an urban legend persists there’s some kernel of truth to the story. Somebody sees something, like, say, an old woman dressed all in grey walking along Ocean Beach in the fog, and the watcher is slightly drunk, or high, so they make up a story about the Grey Ghost of Ocean Beach or whatever. They tell their friends, and the legend spreads for a bit, or dies right there. If enough weird things happen that roughly match the outline of the story, the spread intensifies, and the story might enter the realm of city folklore. The best urban legends can carry on for years, told and re-told until everyone who could possibly be interested moves away, or dies, or the story is exposed by someone like me. The longest I had seen a piece of folklore live, without exposure, and still be taken seriously, was about twenty years, give or take. Enough time for a whole generation to come up and move on in our ever-changing city.

After digging into stories, and old journals, and hinted rumors in ancient newspapers and antique books, it looked like the Vampire story had been living, non-stop, in San Francisco for over a hundred years. Well before the publishing of that damn book, almost to the glory gold rush days themselves. When I was able to trace that line all the way back, I felt my first thrill of uncertainty, tinged with fear. The immensity of the story seemed to loom over me.

And yet! I still had no clear lead, no clear path. Rumored sightings, whispered stories, nothing concrete! Barely a consistent description, and one that could have matched most of the men in the Financial District. Pale, blond, lithe or muscular depending on who you asked. And always, always impeccably dressed. I would hear he had been at this party, or that gala, or this orgy (San Francisco being what it is), but never any proof, any evidence. Once, I got a text from a friend at party, who knew how long I had been searching: “HE’S HERE COME NOW”. I practically sprinted across town, not even remembering how I got there, and rushed into the club, only to find my friend looking like she was on the biggest high of her life, dreamy and moving slowly.

“Where is he?” I asked, yelling over the music.

“Wha?” she replied.

“The Vampire! You said he was here!”

“He… he was!” She looked around. “I don’t see him now, though.”

I never did know if she was just fucking with me, but I left the party feeling lower than I had ever felt. I got back to my apartment, stared at the snowdrifts of printouts and newspaper articles, dotted with rotting takeout boxes like flowers in the snow, and decided to pack it in. I would write the most unsatisfactory conclusion to six months of searching that I could imagine, the journalistic equivalent of a shrug emoji. I would fade back into the obscurity of San Francisco’s limitless pool of wannabe journalists, and keep making rent by writing copy for soon-to-fail startups.

I was sorting the last scraps of paper into trashbags and wishful-thinking storage boxes, with the first draft of my greatest shame sitting open on my laptop, when my cell phone rang. Despite my policy of never answering numbers where the caller ID says “Unknown”, I was looking for anything to distract myself from the disappointment and tedium. I picked up the call, and clear male voice with the barest hint of an Eastern European accent said:

“I hear you’ve been looking for me.”

“I.. What?” Not my most graceful response, but how do you answer that?

“I am under the impression that you would like to write a story about me.”

“A story about you? Who are you?”

“Ah, my apologies, I thought it would be obvious. I am the Vampire of San Francisco.” He paused, while my heart stopped beating for a moment. “The only one, as far as I know.”

My first thought was that some loony had got ahold of my number, and wanted his ego (hopefully only his ego) stroked by having an actual journalist listen to him for what would probably be hours. I’m normally pretty tight with my real cell phone number, but a few friends have it and one of them could have been convinced to give it to some rando. It wouldn’t be the first time, or probably the last.

Well, that’s not quite true. My first thought, if I’m being more honest, was a mixture of hope and fear and uncertainty. Hope that my story might not be dead after all, uncertainty about what my next step was, and fear that maybe the rumor was right.

“I can understand if you think this might be a deception, but I assure you I am being completely honest. I got your number from a mutual friend.”

“Are you reading my mind?” I mentally kicked myself for saying the first thing that came to mind. Probably should have been a bit more guarded than that, Susan. I’ll admit I was caught off-guard by his directness, and how close he was to what I was thinking.

The man claiming to be a vampire on the other end of the line laughed, and it was a full, throaty laugh that seemed genuine and slightly predatory.

“No, reading minds is not a gift of mine, and doing so over the phone would be a feat I’ve never heard of. You might say instead that I can think very, very quickly, and select the best outcome for any given situation. Were I in your place, I would also suspect this might be a ruse.”

“Why me?” Again with brain-mouth malfunction, Susan. Get it together. “I mean, why contact me now? If what you say is true, you’ve done an excellent job staying out of the spotlight for decades. Why expose yourself now?”

“Partially because you impress me,” the voice replied. “I’ve read all your work, and you show a thoroughness and intelligence that helps me believe I’ll get a good story out of our interview. As for why I’m granting such an interview, my reasons are my own. Say it’s boredom, if that satisfies you.”

Many thoughts in quick succession: a flush of pride at the idea that someone found my work worthy, a double-take at how quickly he had assumed we were going to interview, and a lingering suspicion at his motives.

“I will admit you’ve got my attention, Mr. Claims-to-be-a-Vampire. When and where would you like to meet?”

I swear I could hear him smile a fanged smile as he replied. “Excellent! It just so happens that the opening gala for the Museum of Modern Art is this Friday. Would eight o’clock work?”

Eight o’clock at the MoMA gala. How on earth was I going to get tickets? But if this guy was for real, I needed to take this interview. I’d bribe someone at the Chronicle’s Art and Culture desk if I had to. “Sounds great. How will I recognize you?”

“Oh, I’ll recognize you, Ms. Harper. Until Friday.” Thanks for that extra bout of creepyness, mystery man. The line went dead.

An interview with a… Good lord. My life actually is becoming that damn book. If he asks me to call him Louis or Lestat, I’m leaving and publishing the shrug.

I convinced myself the interview was credible, and was able to convince the editor I had been assigned at the Chronicle. She gave me the go-ahead on taking the interview, and gave me a memo to use as armor against the snooty stares of the arts and culture desk in acquiring a ticket to the gala. The only condition was that I take a photographer with me, some young kid from New York who was out here as part of an exchange. Paul something or another. I wasn’t thrilled about the photog, since I didn’t know if it would spook Mr. Vampire, but I figured having an extra to corroborate my story couldn’t hurt, and photographic evidence of San Francisco’s vampire might well get me that regular job I had been angling for.

Which is how we get here, to this night, to the opening gala at the Museum of Modern Art in glorious, sunny, foggy San Francisco, with me in my best dress and some photographer from New York in a fairly smart tux at my side. I’d spent most of the week complete unsure of what I was getting myself into. Every piece of folklore and weirdness I’ve chased down has either faded away as people lost interest, or been debunked. Here was a man claiming to be the embodiment of a legend over a hundred years old, and I couldn’t tell you going into the gala if I thought he was real or fake.

He had called on Monday. By Tuesday morning somehow all my friends, and it seemed most of the city, knew I was interviewing the vampire. I study rumor for a living and I still get surprised at how fast news travels. Everyone I knew was calling to see if it was true, offer me advice, or offer me a warning. The truly surprising thing was how small the number of skeptics was.

All of this, the months of confusion and hunting, the whirlwind of rumor and the calm, predatory nature of the voice on the end of the line, led me to be more nervous than I can remember being as I walked in the large glass doors at the front of the MoMA.

There’s this thing I do, when I’m presented with something that overloads my rational mind. My brain seems to slow down, and make one of those photo-mosaics out of what I’m seeing. It’s like I’m taking hyper-accurate pictures of a thousand little details, and only once I’ve got all the details will the I see the whole scene. I call it my “reporter’s sense”, and it’s served me well as I try to navigate the world of urban fantasies.

The gala was a sensory overload, and I found my reporter’s sense kicking in as a I tried to process everything I was seeing. There was the Mayor, standing with the chief curator of the museum, each of their spouses dressed to the nines and flashing bright smiles for the camera. There was the chief of police, sharing a drink with a councilwoman, and my brain annotated the detail that they were rumored to be having an affair. Between the groups of urban aristocracy and political dignitaries was Donald Peregrine, the venture capitalist. The open secret of San Francisco was that most of the political machine and new money in the city owed him favors, and that real policy in the city was set by him.

Off in the corner, never far from the bar, was the Arts & Culture Editor for the Chronicle, who I’m sure would pretend like I didn’t exist all night long.

As the picture of the gala came together in my mind, one piece of the mosaic stood out. Off in the corner, uniquely apart from the crowd, stood a man who was almost certainly my interview. He was dressed in an impeccable suit that appeared dark as night on first glance, but revealed itself to be grey with darkest red accessories when I focused in. His face was pale, paler than you normally find under the California sun, and his hair was silver-speckled blond that seemed to halo his head. Standing as he was, with the enormous Mark Rothko painting at his back, he presented a striking image, like a modern-day king holding court.

I turned to the photog to snap a photo that would be the centerpiece for sure (he had to have staged himself like that, right?), but Paul whoever from New York had disappeared. Great. Guess it’s just me and Mr. Vampire then.

I walked across the gala with a purpose, my eyes fixed firmly on the man who was staring at me and now grinning a smile that looked nothing so much like a jungle cat. A small group of partiers crossed in front of me, blocking my view of him, and when they passed he was gone. Of course. Mr. Vampire wants to play hide and seek.

I reached the point where he had been standing, and spun in a slow circle, trying to see if I could spot him. I caught a flash of brilliant hair and dark suit turning a corner down the hall and nearly sprinted after him.

Through the upper echelons of the city’s elite I ducked and weaved, trying to keep a smile on my face so I wouldn’t be stopped with awkward questions. My mysterious quarry led me through galleries and showcases, up and down stairs, through parts of the museum I had never seen, until I was thoroughly lost. Some rational part of my brain screamed at me to stop letting this man, who at his most harmless had convinced himself he was a dangerous predator, lead me into who knows what.

That part of my brain was outweighed by the part that had spent six months chasing mist, and who really enjoyed seeing the byline “Susan Harper” in print.

Finally, I found Mr. Vampire in a small, dim, dead-end gallery on one of the upper floors, lounging casually on one of those strange couch-benches they have for gazing at art.

“Ms. Harper,” he said as I approached. “I’m so pleased you accepted my invitation. I’m sure you have many questions. Please, won’t you have a seat?” He indicated the cushioned section next to him, and I hesitated at the familiarity of his gesture. The only thing I knew about this man was that he dressed immaculately, claimed to be a vampire, and had led me to a corner of the building where I suspected help would be a long time coming.

He saw my hesitation and chuckled. “I’m only here to meet you, Ms. Harper. My intentions are strictly honorable.” He patted the cushion again, and I found myself subconsciously leaning closer, my body rebelling against my mind. Luckily, my will held and I remained standing. A fire twinkled in his eyes and his smile grew more feral.

“Suit yourself. Would you like to begin?”

It took me a minute to find my voice, but when I did so I started with the basics. “Well, since it wouldn’t exactly read well to call you Mr. Claims-to-be-a-vampire, what is your name?”

“You can call me Drake, and I’m not merely claiming to be a vampire, I am indeed a vampire.”

“Just Drake?”

“Just Drake for now, Ms. Harper. Any last name I gave you at this point would perforce be a lie, and I would hate to start our conversation on falsehoods.”

“Ok, let’s start at the beginning. You say you’re a vampire. Were you born one?”

“Hah! No, no-one I know was born a vampire. I was born a poor peasant in what is now Eastern Europe.”

“When were you born?”

“Time has not always been so accurately measured as it is now, but around the time of the Crusades.”

“The Crusades,” I said, disbelief in my voice. “Like, the Charlemagne, Holy Roman Empire Crusades?”

“Yes.” Drake said simply.

“O…k. How did you become a vampire?”

“Ah!” Drake said, brightening, “that tale will take some time!”

Drake stood to begin his tale of dark rituals and frightened villagers, of his transformation into something out of nightmare, of his lonely years wandering as a monster, of his slow re-integration into society, and of his travels around the world before making his home in San Francisco. As he told his tale, he began to pace around the room, his face and hands animated to punctuate the highs and lows of his story, and I didn’t notice until his voice was winding down that he had been pacing closer, and closer, until he was just a breath away from me.

Up close, I could see glimpses of his teeth, I would swear they were pointed, and the closer he came the less I seemed able to think clearly. As his story was ending, with the tale of his increasing loneliness and how it had caused him to reach out to a young reporter who might understand, I saw his head began to lower towards my neck.

It was all I could do to softly say “What about your honorable intentions?”, to which he replied “Your life for my story seems an honorable trade to me…”. Then his lips were on my neck and-


The skylight above us shattered, and glass rained down on the couch where I was now very glad I had chosen not to sit. Drake’s head snapped around to look, and suddenly I could think clearly again.

A figure, dressed in a tight black suit from head to toe, slid upside-down through the skylight, hanging on what seemed to be a rope made of silver thread.

“Hey. This guy bothering you?” the figure said.

Drake snarled, and moved faster than I would’ve thought possible, going straight from standing to leaping at the masked figure in a blink. A shot of some silver-greyish goo fired from a a device at the figure’s wrist, and hit Drake square in the face. Drake paused to claw it off, and the masked man fired another string of the stuff at Drake’s feet, binding him to the marble floor.

The man in black dropped to the floor, and fired a few more blasts at Drake’s arms and legs, partially mummifying the vampire where he stood. Walking past the snarling and straining Drake,  the masked man said “Ok Not-feratu, stay put. I’m going to check on that nice reporter you were trying to snack on.”

Walking up to me, he asked “Are you alright miss? Did he hurt you?”

“Me? I’m fine,” I said. Another helpful aspect of my honed reporter instincts: I can delay shock-processing until I’m back at my apartment, preferably with a bottle of scotch. Tonight was going to be hell on my liquor cabinet. “What about you? Who ARE you?”

“Me? I’m just your friendly neighborhood… hmm.” The man paused. “This isn’t really my neighborhood, is it?”

As he was pondering, Drake burst out of his bonds with a roar, snarled in our direction, and leapt straight up through the skylight. The man in black sighed, and said “Next time, load the shooters with garlic. Check.” He started running towards the center of the room, yelled back at me “Good luck with the story!”, then also jumped straight through the skylight and into the night.

Only after Drake and the mysterious stranger had left did security arrive, and the best answer I could give them about what happened was “Earthquake. Didn’t you feel it?” I still got escorted from the party, while the Arts & Culture Editor tried to kill me with his brain.

I got back to my apartment, stared down at the draft of my story, and eventually pieced it into something that would read well, even if it was mostly fiction. I mixed enough truth with fantasy to be believable, even if I didn’t believe the truth myself. I had spent my whole career disproving myths and legends, and it turned out vampires and super-human masked crusaders actually existed in the world. The story, a cobbled-together city-interest piece about Eastern European cults and the power of rumor, was enough to please my editor, and the mystery surrounding the myth made the piece my most popular ever. The whispers about what actually transpired at the gala didn’t hurt the story’s popularity, by any stretch.

For most, the vampire story was put to bed, and I started hearing about the Vampire of San Francisco less and less. I’m not sure what actually happened between Drake and the masked man that night, but now I have an answer when people ask. “You know there’s a vampire in San Francisco, right?”

“I heard he died,” I reply.

“Of spiderbite.”

Thanks for reading! This story was a mashup of Anne Rice's "Interview with a Vampire" and Marvel's Spiderman. Hope you enjoyed it, please leave feedback in the comments!

Why Doesn't the Django CSRF Cookie Default to 'httponly'?

by phildini on October 19, 2015

Recently, some questions asked by a friend prompted me to look deeper into how Django actually handles it's CSRF protection, and something stuck out that I want to share.

As a refresher, Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) is a vulnerability in web applications where the server will accept state-changing requests without validating they came from the right client. If you have, where normally a user would fill out a form to delete that account, and you're not checking for CSRF, potentially any site the user visits could delete the account on your site.

Django, that marvelous framework for perfectionists with a deadline, does some things out-of-the-box to try and defend you from CSRF attacks. It comes default-configured with the CSRF middleware active in the middleware stack, and this is where most of the magic happens.

The middleware works like so: When it gets a request, it tries to find a csrf_token in the request's cookies (all cookies the browser knows about for a URL are sent with every request to that URL, and you can read about some interesting side-effects of that here: Cookies Can Be Costly On CDNs). If it finds a token in the cookie, and the request is a POST request, it looks for a matching token in the request's POST data. If it finds both tokens, and they match, hooray! The middleware approves the request, and the request marches forward. In all other cases, the middleware rejects the request, and an error is returned.

The CSRF middleware also modifies the response on its way out, in order to do one important thing: set the cookie with the CSRF token to read. It's here that I noticed something interesting, something that struck me as curious: The CSRF token doesn't default to 'httponly'.

When a site sets a cookie in the browser, it can choose to set an 'httponly' property on that cookie, meaning the cookie can only be read by the server, and not by anything in the browser (like, say, JavaScript). When I first read this, I thought this was weird, and possibly a mistake. Not setting the CSRF token 'httponly' means that anyone who can run JS on your pages could steal and modify the CSRF cookie, rendering its protection meaningless.

Another way to read what I just wrote would be: "If my site is vulnerable to Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks, then they can break my CSRF protection!" This phrasing highlights a bit more why what I just said is funny: If your site is vulnerable to an XSS attack, that's probably game over, and worrying about the CSRF protection is akin to shutting the barn door after the horse has been stolen.

Still, if the CSRF cookie defaulted to 'httponly', and you discovered your site had an XSS, you might breathe a little easier knowing that bad state-changing requests had a harder time getting through. (Neglecting other ways the cookie could be broken in an XSS attack, like cookie jar overflow). I was talking to Asheesh Laroia about this, and he called this the "belt-and-suspenders" approach to securing this facet of your web application. He's not wrong, but I was still curious why Django, which ships with pretty incredible security out-of-the-box, didn't set the default to 'httponly'.

We don't know the answer for sure (and I would love to have someone who knows give their thoughts in the comments!), but the best answer we came up with is: AJAX requests.

The modern web is composed less-and-less of static pages. Increasingly, we're seeing rich client-side apps, built in JavaScript and HTML, with simple-yet-strong backends fielding requests from those client-side apps . In order for state-changing AJAX requests to get the same CSRF protection that forms on the page get, they need access to the CSRF token in the cookie.

It's worth noting that we're not certain about this, and the Django git history isn't super clear on an answer. There is a setting you can adjust to make your CSRF cookie 'httponly', and it's probably good to set that to 'True', if you're certain your site will never-ever need CSRF protection on AJAX requests.

Thanks for reading, let me know what you think in the comments!

Update (2015-10-19, 10:28 AM): Reader Kevin Stone left a comment with one implementation of what we’re talking about:

    headers: {
         'X-CSRFToken': $.cookie('csrftoken')



Django will also accept CSRF tokens in the header ('X-CSRFToken'), so this is a great example. 

Also! Check out the comment left by Andrew Godwin for confirmation of our guesses.